Returns a byte-pointer to a screen memory location, given its X, Y coordinates.  (in bytes, NOT in pixels!)

C Definition

u8* cpct_getScreenPtr (void* screen_start, u8 x, u8 y)

Input Parameters (4 Bytes)

(2B DE) screen_startPointer to the start of the screen (or a backbuffer)
(1B C ) x[0-79] Byte-aligned column starting from 0 (x coordinate,
(1B B ) y[0-199] row starting from 0 (y coordinate) in bytes)

Assembly call (Input parameters on registers)

call cpct_getScreenPtr_asm

Parameter Restrictions

  • screen_start will normally be the start of the video memory where you want to draw something.  However, you may give a pointer to the start of a screen backbuffer located everywhere in memory.
  • x must be in the range [0-79].  Screen is always 80 bytes wide (unless you change CRTC registers), and this function is byte-aligned, so you have to give it a byte coordinate (NOT a pixel one!).
  • y must be in the range [0-199].  Screen is always 200 pixels high (again, unless you change CRTC registers).  Pixels and bytes always coincide in vertical resolution, so this coordinate is the same in bytes that in pixels.
  • If you give incorrect values to this function, the returned pointer could point anywhere in memory.  This function will not cause any damage by itself, but you may destroy important parts of your memory if you use its result to write to memory, and you gave incorrect parameters by mistake.  Take always care.

Return Value

(HL) u8*Pointer to the (x,*y*) byte in the screen memory that starts at screen_start.

Known limitations

  • This function only works for default screens (80 bytes wide, 200 pixel lines, 25 characters of 8 pixel lines).  If you change screen configuration by modifying CRTC registers, this function may not work for you.


This function returns a pointer to the byte whose screen coordinates are (x, y) in bytes, being screen_start the screen origin (0, 0) or, what is the same, a pointer to the first byte of the screen.  The “screen” may be the actual screen or a backbuffer with same layout.

What this function exactly does is this calculation,

return screen_start + 80 * ((int)(y / 8)) + 2048 * (y % 8) + x

This calculation is based on the default layout of the screen, which is 80 bytes wide (80 bytes per pixel line) and 200 pixel lines high.  Pixel lines are grouped into 25 groups of 8 pixel lines, as it is explained in cpct_drawSprite.  Each group of 8 pixel lines starts 0x50 bytes away from the previous one (0x50 = 80, hence the term [80 * ((int)(y / 8))]) and the each lines inside a group is separated by 0x800 bytes from its predecessor (0x800 = 2048, and we have the other term [2048 * (y % 8)]).

All the previous paragraph explains how much we have to displace from screen_start to arrive to the start of the y pixel line.  Once we are there, the byte x is just x bytes away, so we only have to add x to the formula, and we are done.

Destroyed Register values


Required memory

C-bindints32 bytes
ASM-bindints28 bytes

Time Measures

    Case   | microSecs (us) | CPU Cycles
    Any    |      53        |     212
Asm saving |     -13        |     -52
unsigned char (u8 = unsigned 8-bits, 1 byte )
Returns a byte-pointer to a screen memory location, given its X, Y coordinates.
Copies a sprite from an array to video memory (or to a screen buffer).